Paper Status Tracking

Article
Affiliation(s)

Science of Information and Technology Bucharest (Romania) and Barcelona (Spain)

ABSTRACT

In this paper, there are discussed the informational functions of the living structures, analyzing the properties of the simplest eukaryotic cell as an example of a structural unit of the living unicellular and multicellular systems. The initiation of this analysis starts from an older example of an imaginary mechanism, particularly that described by the Maxwell’s demon experiment, which along the history of the information development concepts accompanied the philosophic vision on the structuration of matter and of the living entities, showing that these are actually the result of the intervention of information on the matter available substrate. Particularly, it is shown that the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) structure is appropriate to store a large quantity of structural information, allowing the transfer of this information by transcription and translation mechanisms to proteins, which act as (re)structuration/transmission informational agents, or the generation of a new cellular daughter structure by a replication process. On the basis of the theory of information in communication channels, applicable also in biological systems, it was discussed the followed line for the evaluation of the quantity of structural information in various cells, demonstrating the evolution of organism complexity by the increase of the structural information quantity from unicellular (bacterium) to human cell. Applying a natural strategy of entropy lowering mainly by heat elimination, folding protein structuration and compartmentalization on the evolutionary scale, the living structures act as dynamic entities assuring their self-organizational structure by a permanent change of matter, energy and information with the environment in an efficient way, following a negative entropic process by internal structuration, similarly with Maxwell’s demon work. It is shown that to assure such a communication with external and internal intracellular structure, it was necessary the development of an own info-operational system of communication and decision, in which the operational “Yes/No” decisional binary (Bit) unit is essential. These revolutionary results show that the cell unit complies with the similar informational functions like the multicellular structure of the human body, organized in seven-type informational components, allowing the informational modeling of the activity of the living biologic structures and the opening of a shortcutting way to mimic the biologic functions in artificial cells.

KEYWORDS

 information/matter, structuration/destructuration, matter-related information, negentropy/information, non-living/living structures, informational system of the living structures

Cite this paper

Florin Gaiseanu. (2020). Informational Structure of the Living Systems: From Philosophy to Informational Modeling. Philosophy Study, December 2020, Vol. 10, No. 12, 795-806.

References

Adami, C. (2016). What is information? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 374(2063), 1-14. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2015.0230

Adami, C., Ofria, C., & Collier, T. C. (2000). Evolution of biological complexity. PNAS, 97(9), 4463-4468.

Alberts, B., Johnson, A., Lewis, L., Morgan, D., Raff, M., Roberts, K., & Walter, P. (2015). Essential biology (6th ed.). New York: Garland Science/Taylor & Francis LLC.

Debono, M. W. (2013). Perceptive levels in plants: A transdisciplinary challenge in living organism’s plasticity. Transdisciplinary Journal of Engineering & Science, 4, 21-39.

Dispenza, D. (2007). Evolve your brain: The science of changing your mind. Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, Inc.

Dolinskia, K., & Troyanskaya, O. G. (2015). Implications of Big Data for cell biology. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 26, 2575-2578.

Draganescu, M. (1979). Profunzimile lumii materiale (The depth of the material world, in Romanian). Bucuresti: Editura Politica.

Draganescu, M. (1990). Informatia materiei (Information of matter, in Romanian). Bucuresti: Editura Academiei Române.

Filip, F. G. (2020). DSS—A class of evolving information systems. In G. Dzemyda, J. Bernatavičienė, and J. Kacprzyk (Eds.), Data science: New issue, challenges and applications (pp. 253-277). Springer.

Frieden, B. R., & Gatenby, R. A. (2019). Signal transmission through elements of the cytoskeleton form an optimized information network in eukaryotic cells. Scientific Reports, 9(6110), 1-10. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42343-2

Gaiseanu, F. (2017a). Quantum-assisted process of disembody under near-death conditions: An informational-field support model. Neuro Quantology, 15(1), 4-9. Retrieved from http://www.neuroquantology.com/index.php/journal/article/view/971

Gaiseanu, F. (2017b). An information based model of consciousness fully explaining the mind normal/paranormal properties. Neuro Quantology, 15(2), 132-140. Retrieved from https://www.neuroquantology.com/index.php/journal/article/view/1040

Gaiseanu, F. (2018a). Information: From philosophic to physics concepts for informational modeling of consciousness. Philosophy Study, 8(8), 368-382. Retrieved from http://www.davidpublisher.org/Public/uploads/Contribute/5c06323653cd2.pdf

Gaiseanu, F. (2013). Contributions to the modelling and simulation of the atomic transport processes in Silicon and Polysilicon and applications. Proceedings of the Romanian Academy, Series A, 4(4), 376-384. Retrieved from http://www.acad.ro/sectii2002/proceedings/doc2013-4/15-Gaiseanu.pdf

Gaiseanu, F. (2016). Consciousness as informational system of the human body. Consciousness and Life Physics, Cosmology and Astrophysics Journal, 16(1), 14-25. Retrieved from http://physics.socionic.info/index.php/physics/article/view/227/182

Gaiseanu, F. (2017c). Modeling and simulation of the impurity diffusion and related phenomena in Silicon and Polysilicon systems in microfabrication and micromachining technologies. Annals of the Academy of Romanian Scientists, 10(1), 41-78. Retrieved from http://aos.ro/wp-content/anale/IFVol10Nr1Art.4.pdf

Gaiseanu, F. (2018b). Destiny or free will decision? A life overview from the perspective of an informational modeling of consciousness Part II: Attitude and decision criteria, free will and destiny. Gerontology & Geriatric Studies, 4(1), 1-7. Retrieved from https://crimsonpublishers.com/ggs/pdf/GGS.000576.pdf

Gaiseanu, F. (2018c). Near-death experiences and immortality from the perspective of an informational modeling of consciousness. Gerontology & Geriatric Studies, 2(3), 1-4. Retrieved from https://crimsonpublishers.com/ggs/pdf/GGS.000538.pdf

Gaiseanu, F. (2019a). Informational model of consciousness: From philosophic concepts to an information science of consciousness. Philosophy Study, 9(4), 181-196. Retrieved from http://www.davidpublisher.org/Public/uploads/Contribute/5d1c009c3567e.pdf

Gaiseanu, F. (2019b). Destiny or free will decision? A life overview from the perspective of an informational modeling of consciousness Part I: Information, consciousness and life cycle. Gerontology & Geriatric Studies, 4(1), 1-7. Retrieved from https://crimsonpublishers.com/ggs/pdf/GGS.000586.pdf

Gaiseanu, F. (2019c). The informational model of consciousness: Mechanisms of embodiment/disembodiment of information. Neuro Quantology, 17(4), 1-17. Retrieved from https://www.neuroquantology.com/index.php/journal/article/view/2009

Gaiseanu, F. (2019d). Human/humanity, consciousness and universe: Informational relation. Neuro Quantology, 17(5), 60-70. Retrieved from http://www.neuroquantology.com/index.php/journal/article/download/2122/1376

Gaiseanu, F. (2019d). Language patterns and cognitive-sentient reality: Certainty/uncertainty in cognitive-sentient exploration of reality. In S. Schafer (Ed.), Chapter in media models to foster collective human coherence in the psychecology. USA: IGI Global. Retrieved from https://www.igi-global.com/gateway/chapter/229328

Gaiseanu, F. (2019e). The silent voice of those who are no longer: Transgenerational transmission of information from the perspective of the informational model of consciousness. Gerontology & Geriatric Studies, 5(1), 482-488. Retrieved from https://crimsonpublishers.com/ggs/pdf/GGS.000604.pdf

Gaiseanu, F. (2019f). Epigenetic information-body interaction and information-assisted evolution from the perspective of the informational model of consciousness. Archives in Biomedical Engineering & Biotechnology, 2(2), 1-6. Retrieved from https://irispublishers.com/abeb/pdf/ABEB.MS.ID.000532.pdf

Gaiseanu, F. (2020a). Fizica Constiinteisi a Vietii: Modelul Informational al Constiintei-Informatia in Neurostiinte (Physics of consciousness and life: Informational model of consciousness-information in neurosciences). In Bioconductor siBiosisteme (Biocomputers and Biosystems, in Romanian). Globe Edit (OmniScriptum International Group). Retrieved from https://www.amazon.com/Fizica-Conștiinței-Vieții-Informațional-Neuroștiințe/dp/6139421705

Gaiseanu, F. (2020b). Information-matter bipolarity of the human organism and its fundamental circuits: From philosophy to physics/neurosciences-based modeling. Philosophy Study, 10(2), 107-118. Retrieved from http://www.davidpublisher.com/Public/uploads/Contribute/5e5b3d8e74433.pdf

Gaiseanu, F. (2020c). What is life? An informational model of the living structures. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 5(2), 18-28. Retrieved from http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/bmb

Gibson, G. D., Glass, J. I., Lartigue, C., Noskov, V. N., Chuang, R. Y., Algire, M. A., ... Venter, J. C. (2010). Creation of a bacterial cell controlled by a chemically synthesized genome. Science, 329(5987), 52-56.

Harman, P. M. (Ed). (1995). The scientific letters and papers of James Clerk Maxwell (Vol. II, No. 277). In Letter to Peter Guthrie Tait (pp. 328-334). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Jacob, E. B., Shapira, Y., & Tauberd, A. I. (2006). Seeking the foundations of cognition in bacteria: From Schrôdinger’s negative entropy to latent information. Physica A, 359, 495-524.

Jiang, Y., & Xu, C. (2010). The calculation of information and organismal complexity. Biology Direct, 5(59), 1-17.

Lim, W. A. (2010). Designing customized cell signalling circuits. Nature Reviews, Molecular cell Biology, 11, 393-403.

Marín, D., Martín, M., & Sabater, B. (2009). Entropy decrease associated to solute compartmentalization in the cell. Bio Systems, 98, 31-36.

Peil, K. T. (2014). Emotion: The self-regulatory sense. Global Advances in Health and Medicine, 3(2), 80-108.

Schrödinger, E. (1944). What is life? The physical aspect of the living cell. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Shannon, C. E. (1948). A mathematical theory of communication. Bell Syst. Tech. J., 27(379-423), 623-656.

Schafer, S. (2020). Gnosis download & the goddess working paper. Humanitarian entrainment with the Soul-Intent of Gaia. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/44121740/GNOSIS_DOWNLOAD_and_the_GODDESS_WORKING_PAPER

Szilard, L. (1929). On the decrease of entropy in a thermodynamic state by the intervention of intelligent beings. Z. Phys. 53, 840-856.

Toyabe, S., Sagawa, T., Ueda, M., Muneyuki, E., & Sano, M. (2010). Experimental demonstration of information-to-energy conversion and validation of the generalized Jarzynski equality. Nature Physics, 6, 988-992.

About | Terms & Conditions | Issue | Privacy | Contact us
Coryright © 2022 David Publishing Company All rights reserved, 3 Germay Dr., Unit 4 #4651, Wilmington DE 19804
Tel: 1-323-984-7526, 323-410-1082; Fax: 1-323-984-7374, 323-908-0457 , www.davidpublisher.com, Email: order@davidpublishing.com