Paper Status Tracking

Article
Author(s)

Raffaella Santi

Affiliation(s)

University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino, Italy

ABSTRACT

In his masterpiece Leviathan (1651), Thomas Hobbes used a series of rhetorical devices in order to persuade the English reader of the truth of his political theories and of his civil science. The first rhetorical device is the engraved frontispiece of the book, where the sword of justice held by the sovereign is also a powerful sword of rhetoric (as shown by the table depicting Rhetoric in a Martianus Capella’s manuscript owned by the Duke of Urbino). Moreover, Hobbes employs directly the metaphor of the state as a body politic and the analogy of the sovereign as the soul of the state and he also refers—though indirectly—to the Platonic analogy of the sovereign as physician of the state, evoking political thinkers, such as King James VI & I and Edward Forset.

KEYWORDS

Hobbes, Plato, Forset, James VI & I, rhetoric, body politic, diseases of the body politic, physician of the body politic, the safety of the people (salus populi)

Cite this paper

Raffaella Santi. (2020). Politics and Salus Populi: Hobbes and the Sovereign as Physician of the State. Philosophy Study, 10(11), 693-702.

References

Bredekamp, H. (2003). Stratégies visuelles de Thomas Hobbes. Le Léviathan, archetype de l’État modern, illustrations des oeuvres et portraits. Paris: Éditions de la Maison de Sciences de L’homme.

Briguglia, G. (2006). Il corpo vivente dello Stato. Una metafora politica. Milan: Bruno Mondadori.

Capella, M. (1977). Martianus Capella and the seven liberal arts. In W. H. Stahl, R. Johnson, and E. L. Burge (Eds.), The marriage of philology and mercury (Vol. II). New York: Columbia University Press.

Curran, E. (2007). Reclaiming the rights of the Hobbesian subject. Basingstoke, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Curran, E. (2019). Hobbesian sovereignty and the rights of subjects: Absolutism undermined? Hobbes Studies, 32(2),    209-230.

Forset, E. (1606). A comparative discourse of the bodies natural and politique: Wherein out of the principles of nature, is set forth the true forme of Commonweale, with the dutie of subiects, and the right of the soueraigne: Together with many good points of politicall learning, mentioned in a briefe after the preface. London: Bill.

Graciannette, B. (2019). Préface. In E. Forset (Ed.), Un discourse comparatif sur les corps naturel et politique (pp. 9-51). Paris: Classiques Garnier.

Hale, D. G. (1971). The body politic: A political metaphor in Renaissance English literature. The Hague, Paris: Mouton.

Hankins, J. (2009). La riscoperta di Platone nel Rinascimento italiano. Pisa: Edizioni della Normale.

Hankins, J., & Palmer, A. (2008). The recovery of ancient philosophy in the Renaissance: A brief guide. Florence: Olschki.

Hobbes, T. (1637). A briefe of the art of rhetorique: Containing in substance all that Aristotle hath written in his three bookes of that subject, exceptonely what is not applicable to the English tongue. In J. T. Harwood (Ed.), The rhetorics of Thomas Hobbes and Bernard Lamy. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.

Hobbes, T. (1651). Leviatano. (R. Santi, Ed.). Milan: Bompiani. (with English and Latin texts and Italian translation)

Hobbes, T. (around 1628). Catalogue of the Hardwick Library. In R. Talaska (Ed.), The Hardwick Library and Hobbes’s early intellectual development. Charlottesville (Virginia): Philosophy Documentation Center.

James VI & I. (1604). A counterblaste to tobacco. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Counterblaste_to_Tobacco

James VI & I. (1616). The workes of the most high and mighty prince. Hildesheim, New York: Georg Olms Verlag.

Jayne, S. (1995. Plato in Renaissance England. Dordrecht: Kluwer.

Labriola, A. (2008). Marziano Capella, de nuptiis philologiae et mercurii. In M. Peruzzi (Ed.), Ornatissimo codice. La biblioteca di Federico da Montefeltro (pp. 183-188). Genève, Milan: Skira.

Lloyd, G. E. R. (2003). In the grip of Disease: Studies in Greek imagination. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.

Lombard, J. (1999). Platon et la médicine. Le corpsaffaibli et l’âmeattristée. Paris, Montréal: L’Harmattan.

May, L. (2013). Limiting Leviathan: Hobbes on law and international affairs. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.

Peruzzi, M. (2014). Lectissima politissimaque volumina: I fondi urbinati in Plures, Storia della Biblioteca Apostolica    Vaticana III: La Vaticana nel Seicento (1590-1700). Una biblioteca di biblioteche. Città del Vaticano: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana.

Peruzzi, M. (Ed.). (2008). Ornatissimo codice. La biblioteca di Federico da Montefeltro. Genève, Milan: Skira.

Plato. (1992). Statesman. (M. Ostwald, Ed.). Indianapolis, Cambridge: Hackett.

Plato. (1997). Complete works. (J. M. Cooper, Ed.). Indianapolis, Cambridge: Hackett.

Plato. Laws. Retrieved from http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0166%3Abook%3D10%3Apage%3D896

Plato. Phaedrus. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaedrus_(dialogue)

Prior, C. W. A. (2004). Trismegistus “his Great giant”: A source for the title-page of Hobbes’ Leviathan. Notes and Queries, 51(4), 366-370.

Ramelli, I. (2001). Introduzione. In M. Capella (Ed.), Le nozze di Filosofia e Mercurio (pp. VII-CIX). Milan: Bompiani.

Rickard, J. (2007). Authorship and authority: The writings of James VI and I. Manchester, New York: Manchester University Press.

Rickard, J. (2015). Writing the monarch in Jacobean England: Jonson, Donne, Shakespeare and the works of King James. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Rowe, C. (Ed.). (1995). Reading the Statesman: Proceedings of the III Symposium Platonicum. Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag.

Santi, R. (2014). Edward Forset: Why is the “Body Politique” called a “Commonweale”? In S. Garrett Zeitlin, R. Santi, L. Borot, and M. I. Ducrocq (Eds.), The “commonwealth” as political space in late Renaissance England (pp. 27-53). Padua: Kluver-Cedam.

Santi, R. (2016). “Commonweale”: Platonism and political thought in Renaissance England. Agathos: An International Review of the Humanities and Social Sciences, 7(2), 157-169.

Santi, R. (2019). Unustyrannus? Aristotle’s mistake and the dissolution of Tyranny in Hobbes’s Leviathans. In M. I. Ducrocq and L. Ghermani (Eds.), The prince, the tyrant, the despot: Figures of de sovereign in Europe from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment 1500-1800 (pp. 173-186). Paris: Honoré Champion.

Schofield, M. (2006). Plato. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.

Sharpe, K. (2000). Remapping early modern England: The culture of seventeenth-century politics. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Sharpe, K. (2013). Reading authority and representing rule in early modern England. London, New Delhi, New York, Sidney: Bloomsbury.

Skinner, Q. (1996). Reason and rhetoric in the philosophy of Hobbes. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Skinner, Q. (2018). From humanism to Hobbes: Studies in rhetoric and politics. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Sorell, T. (2000). Hobbes’s uses of the history of philosophy. In G. A. J. Rogers and T. Sorell (Eds.), Hobbes and history (pp. 82-96). London, New York: Routledge.

Szlezák, T. A. (1993). Platone politico. Rome: Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana.

Szlezák, T. A. (1996). Psyche-Polis-Kosmos. Osservazioni sull’unità del pensiero platonico. In E. Rudolph (Ed.),Polis e cosmo in Platone (pp. 39-63). Milan: Vita e Pensiero.

Talaska, R. (2013). The Hardwick Library and Hobbes’s early intellectual development. Charlottesville (Virginia): Philosophy Documentation Center.

About | Terms & Conditions | Issue | Privacy | Contact us
Coryright © 2015 David Publishing Company All rights reserved, 3 Germay Dr., Unit 4 #4651, Wilmington DE 19804
Tel: 1-323-984-7526, 323-410-1082; Fax: 1-323-984-7374, 323-908-0457 , www.davidpublisher.com, Email: order@davidpublishing.com