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Article
Author(s)

Sahra Dandil, Deniz Akin Sahbaz and Caglayan Acikgoz

Affiliation(s)

ABSTRACT

Environmental pollution problems by the discharge of effluent containing various contaminations from textile, paper and paint industries have become a serious issue in recent years. Dye removal from wastewater has received considerable attention for several adsorbents and several classes of dye. Reactive black 8 is an environmentally hazardous dye and most applicable in textile industries. Chitosan is a non-toxic, biodegradable and biocompatible and acts as an efficient adsorbent because of the amino functional groups. In the present work, the crosslinked chitosan beads were synthesized by using glutaraldehyde as a crosslinker and the adsorptive removal of reactive black 8 by the beads from an aqueous solution was investigated. The effect of contact time and initial dye concentration was evaluated. The adsorbent dosage was retained as 1 g/L and initial dye concentration values were varied from 30 to 150 mg/L. Equilibrium isotherms were analysed by Langmuir, Freundlich, Dubnin–Radushkevich, and Temkin isotherm. Freundlich isotherm model was found fit effectively for the reactive black 8 adsorptions. Kinetic adsorption data were evaluated using the pseudo-first-order kinetic model, the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the intraparticle diffusion model. The adsorption followed pseudo second order kinetics. Overall, this study indicates chitosan beads as an efficient, eco-friendly and low-cost adsorbent for the removal of reactive black 8 dye from aqueous solutions.

KEYWORDS

Adsorption, chitosan, kinetics, reactive black 8

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