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Sahra Dandil, Deniz Akin Sahbaz and Caglayan Acikgoz



Environmental pollution problems by the discharge of effluent containing various contaminations from textile, paper and paint industries have become a serious issue in recent years. Dye removal from wastewater has received considerable attention for several adsorbents and several classes of dye. Reactive black 8 is an environmentally hazardous dye and most applicable in textile industries. Chitosan is a non-toxic, biodegradable and biocompatible and acts as an efficient adsorbent because of the amino functional groups. In the present work, the crosslinked chitosan beads were synthesized by using glutaraldehyde as a crosslinker and the adsorptive removal of reactive black 8 by the beads from an aqueous solution was investigated. The effect of contact time and initial dye concentration was evaluated. The adsorbent dosage was retained as 1 g/L and initial dye concentration values were varied from 30 to 150 mg/L. Equilibrium isotherms were analysed by Langmuir, Freundlich, Dubnin–Radushkevich, and Temkin isotherm. Freundlich isotherm model was found fit effectively for the reactive black 8 adsorptions. Kinetic adsorption data were evaluated using the pseudo-first-order kinetic model, the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the intraparticle diffusion model. The adsorption followed pseudo second order kinetics. Overall, this study indicates chitosan beads as an efficient, eco-friendly and low-cost adsorbent for the removal of reactive black 8 dye from aqueous solutions.


Adsorption, chitosan, kinetics, reactive black 8

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