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Australian Catholic University, Australia


This study is looking specifically at the pre- and post-game stresses placed on referees and match officials. The initial research has indicated that although people are aware that referees suffer from stress during matches, many of the causes of these stresses can have an ongoing affect leading into pre- and post-game stresses. Identified causes of pre- and post-game stress have included players/coaches, spectators, other referees, commentators, previous results, weather, reputation of the team(s), and the crowd. Preliminary results of the study have shown that referees suffering from stress are more inclined to “drop out” of refereeing as well as make mistakes when they are refereeing, including misinterpreting rules, missing incidents in matches which could result in players injuries. There is also the concern of the lack of numbers of new referees as well as the cost/investment in referees who drop out because of the stress and abuse.


Sports referees, stress, volunteer retention

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Sociology Study ISSN 2159-5526, January 2013, Volume 3, Number 1, 13-22


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