Paper Status Tracking

Article
Affiliation(s)

Nigel Walton, MBA, Dip. M., BA (Hons), Worcester Business School, University of Worcester.

ABSTRACT

This paper explores the rapid growth of four internet-based corporations and critiques the extent to which the Internet has developed from being simply a powerful tool and enabler of industry innovation to achieving status as a fully-fledged technology-based business ecosystem. The need to develop new management theories, tools, and techniques to compete with the “Gang of Four” (Amazon, Apple, Google, and Facebook) is also discussed in some depth as well as providing a critique of traditional models/strategic approaches and more recent theories. This is considered to be an important area of research because as a new class of Internet company emerges, incumbent firms in traditional industries will need to know how to prepare for the new challenges that face them.

KEYWORDS

business ecosystem, platforms, catalyst, infomediaries, white space, blue ocean strategy

Cite this paper

References
Brandenburger, A., & Nalebuff, B. (1997). Co-opetition: A revolution mindset that combines competition and co-operation: The game theory strategy that’s changing the game of business (1st ed.). New York: Doubleday Business. 
D’Aveni, R. A. (1994). Hyper-competition: Managing the dynamics of strategic manoeuvring (1st ed.). New York: Free Press. 
Evans, D. S., & SchmaLensee, R. (2007). Catalyst code: The strategies behind the most dynamic companies. Boston, Massachusetts: Harvard Business School Press.
Gawer, A., & Cusumano, M. (2002). Platform leadership: How Intel, Microsoft and Cisco drive industry innovation. Boston, Massachusetts: Harvard Business School Press.
Grant, R. M. (2008). Contemporary strategy analysis (6th ed.). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. 
Hamel, G. (2007). The future of management. Boston, Massachusetts: Harvard Business School Press.
Hamel, G., & Prahalad, C. K. (1994). Competing for the future. Harvard Business Review, 72(4), 122-128.
Harrigan, K. R. (1983). End game strategies for declining industries (Reprint). Boston, Massachusetts: Harvard Business School Press. 
Iansiti, M., & Levien, R. (2004). The keystone advantage: What the new dynamics of business ecosystems mean for strategy, innovation and sustainability. Boston, Massachusetts: Harvard Business School Publishing.
Johnson, M. W. (2010). Seizing the white space: Business model innovation for growth and renewal. Boston, Massachusetts: Harvard Business School Press. 
Kim, W. C., & Mauborgne, R. (2005). Blue ocean strategy: How to create uncontested market space and make the competition irrelevant. Boston, Massachusetts: Harvard Business School Press. 
McCarthy, E. J. (1960). Basic marketing a managerial approach. New York: Richard D. Irwin Publishing.
Moore, J. F. (1993). Predators and prey: A new ecology of competition. Harvard Business Review, 71(3), 75-86.
Moore, J. F. (1996). The death of competition: Leadership & strategy in the age of business ecosystems. New York: Harper Collins.
Oestreicher, K., & Walton, N. (2011). Assessment of innovation: The geometrics of strategy. In 18th Annual South Dakota Business Conference, Rapid City SD, USA. 
Ohmae, K. (1982). The mind of the strategist: The art of Japanese business. New York: McGraw Hill.
Porter, M. E. (1980). Competitive strategy: Techniques for analysing industries and competitors. New York: Free Press.
Porter, M. E. (1985). Competitive strategy: Creating and sustaining superior performance. New York: Free Press.
Porter, M. E. (2001). Strategy and the internet. Harvard Business Review, 79(2), 63-78.
Schmidt, E. (2011). All Things Digital Conference. Rancho Palos Verde, California, USA.
Schumpeter, J. A. (1942). Can capitalism survive? Creative destruction and the future of the global economy. New York: Harper Perennial.
Simon, P. (2011). The age of the platform: How Amazon, Apple, Facebook, and Google have redefined business. Las Vegas, Nevada: Motion Publishing.

About | Terms & Conditions | Issue | Privacy | Contact us
Coryright © 2022 David Publishing Company All rights reserved, 3 Germay Dr., Unit 4 #4651, Wilmington DE 19804
Tel: 1-323-984-7526, 323-410-1082; Fax: 1-323-984-7374, 323-908-0457 , www.davidpublisher.com, Email: order@davidpublishing.com