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Jan Błęcki1, Michel Parrot2, Jan Słomiński1, Małgorzata Kościesza1, Roman Wronowski1 and Sergey Savin3


1. Space Research Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw 00716, Poland
2. LPC2E/CNRS, Orleans 45100, France
3. Space Research Institute RAS, Moscow 117997, Russia


The authors report the observation of Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) plasma turbulence registered by DEMETER satellite in the ionosphere over the seismic and thunderstorm areas. The detail analysis of the electric field fluctuations for the selected strong earthquakes and thunderstorm is presented. Special attention is given to study of the characteristics of the spectra of these variations and searches of the nonlinear effects. This analysis is possible in the time interval when the waveform has been transmitted. Some attempt of this discussion is given in the paper.


Earthquakes, ionosphere, lightning, plasma turbulence, thunderstorms.

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